15 Ways to Make Readers Hate Your Book

July 30, 2016 | Posted in Author Resources, Writing & Grammar Tips | By

15 Ways to Make Readers Hate Your Book

15 Ways to Make Readers Hate Your Book

All authors want readers to enjoy their books. Authors want readers to feel good, come back for more, and tell their friends to read the author’s book. No author wants readers to hate their books, stop reading, or feel like throwing the book and/or Kindle.

In life, we can’t make everyone happy, and everyone won’t always like us. The general rule is that 30% of people will like you no matter what, and 30% will never like you no matter what. You can affect whether or not the remaining 40% will like you.

The same concept applies to books and readers. Every reader won’t love your book. Approximately 30% of readers will love your book no matter what, and 30% will hate your book no matter what (e.g., don’t like the genre, don’t like sex in books, don’t like strong language, there is a trigger for them in the book). Worry about the 40% of readers who could go either way. Focus on making them love your book, and use the tips below to avoid making readers hate your book.

1. Book Covers That Don’t Fit
The book cover is often the first thing a reader will see. Readers have expectations for the covers of specific genres. If a book cover screams romance but is really a mystery, readers will feel misled. Not only do readers expect the cover to fit the genre, they also expect the cover to relate to the story and give them some insight into a piece of the story and/or a character. If a book cover features a castle on it, there better be a castle that plays an important part in the story.

2. Too Much Description and/or Background Information
Readers do not want to be overloaded with background information (a.k.a. info dump). Giving too much background information at once can bore readers and lead to skipping pages or putting your book down. If the information is integral to the plot or the character, then by all means, share it, but spread it out throughout the story. Share the information through a mix of narrative and dialogue.

When it comes to detail, readers don’t want to know everything, nor do they need to know everything. Yes, detail helps paint a picture for readers, but readers don’t need to know every nook and cranny of a room and every characteristic of every item in a room. Detail can help explain what a character is doing and why, but readers don’t need to know every single thing a character does before and after the important piece of detail. If each step is explained in detail, you risk readers skipping that section, which could lead to readers missing an important piece of information that was included in the detail. If it isn’t important for the plot or the character, stick with something simple.

3. Unwarranted Romance and/or Gratuitous Sex Scenes
Don’t throw in romance just because. Romance needs to fit with the plot and the characters. If a romance between two characters isn’t necessary to make the plot work or for character development, then don’t add it. Romance thrown in just because will stick out to readers and leave them trying to figure out how the romantic relationship fits with the plot. A romance thrown in just because can also change the way readers look at your characters.

Don’t add sex scenes just for filler or because you think readers want them. If the sex scene isn’t integral to the development of the relationship between two characters, doesn’t move the plot forward, or doesn’t add to the characteristics and development of a character, leave it out. There’s no reason to throw in a random sex scene just because. It leaves readers with the impression that you were looking to provoke a reaction in the reader or attempt to garner interest in your story again.

4. No Hook Within Chapter One
Within the first chapter, preferably the first page, authors should “hook” the reader. The reader should be enticed with an interesting character or premise. Present something that is different, stands out, captures the reader’s attention, and leaves the reader wanting to know more. A hook is an attention-getter that causes readers to keep reading. If a reader’s curiosity hasn’t been piqued, they may choose not to continue reading your book.

Read more about Creating a Hook.

5. Death of Too Many Characters or Death Without Meaning
If it’s a war or big fight scene, it’s okay for multiple unknown characters to die. However, killing off a main character’s entire family and all of his/her friends throughout the story will cause a problem with readers. It feels like a ploy to garner sympathy for the character or turn the character into a victim or “poor me” character who always has something bad happen to him/her and his/her loved ones.

Yes, you can kill off one or a few characters readers might have connected with; however, there must be a meaning or purpose to the death. If there is no meaning to the death, readers will feel the character was killed just for the sake of adding drama/conflict to the story through means of a main character who is now grieving.

6. Predictable Plot
Yes, there are similar plots, especially within specific genres. Romances are one genre that have one of the most predictable plots—girl meets boy, stuff happens, and girl and boy live happily ever after. A general predictable plot is fine, but your plot needs to stand out so it isn’t completely predictable. What makes your story different? Are there any unexpected conflicts and/or twists? What makes your characters unique? What makes readers feel your story is different from all the other stories in this genre?

7. Stereotypical Characters
Stereotypical characters are ones that readers easily recognize like Mr. or Ms. Perfect, the victim, the school bully, the boy/girl next door, the damsel in distress, the antihero, the absent-minded professor, and the femme fatale. Readers already know everything about this character and can figure out what will happen with this character quickly. Your character needs to be unique. Something about your character needs to stand out to readers so they can connect with your character.

If you create a stereotypical character, be prepared for readers to complain about a boring, flat character who they couldn’t really connect with.

8. Cliffhanger Not Done Right
A cliffhanger is designed to leave readers in suspense while they wait for the next book, but it needs to be done right. An abrupt ending with no closure that doesn’t answer any questions or resolve any conflicts will lead to angry readers who want to throw your book. A cliffhanger done right will resolve at least one major conflict for one main character. A cliffhanger done right will answer most of the questions readers have but will leave them with new questions at the very end.

9. Head Hopping and/or Unclear POV
Head hopping and/or an unclear POV will leave readers wondering who, what, and why. Head hopping occurs when the viewpoint shifts between characters without proper transitions. Readers won’t know who is doing what, why a character is doing something, and why a character is feeling a certain way. Readers will have no idea if it is Laura or Mark who is late to the meeting nor will they know if Laura is upset with Mark or Mark is upset with Laura. It can make it difficult for readers to determine whose head they are in and whose experiences they are following. This leads to confusion and destroys the emotional connection readers have with characters.

Read about Choosing a POV.

10. Overused Clichés
Clichés lose meaning and impact the more they are used. Clichés are boring and readers get a sense of “blah” when they read a cliché instead of feeling what the author intended to convey. Instead of using a well-known cliché, use your own words to create metaphors that will resonate with readers.

11. Unhappy Non-Ending
Everything doesn’t need to be a perfect happily ever after at the end of the story. The ending can be unexpected, happy for now, or even not so happy, but don’t leave readers without an ending and a sense of closure. This will leave readers feeling disappointed, disgusted, and dejected.

12. Characters Who Break Character
Characters can change throughout the course of the story, but this change should be gradual. Bob can’t be a vindictive, heartless jerk who kicks stray dogs in one chapter and then two chapters later be a kind, caring man who volunteers at the homeless shelter and adopts stray dogs.

A sudden change will leave readers confused, unable to connect with the “changed” character, and with unanswered questions as to the how and why of the character’s change. A character’s change needs to occur over a period of time and something needs to trigger that change. There has to be a period of reflection showing the character recognizes who he was and what he was like compared to the person he is becoming.

13. Awkward Phrasing
Awkward phrasing is difficult or confusing to read. Awkward phrasing includes sentences that are too wordy, have dangling and/or misplaced modifiers, are repetitive, and include unnecessary passive voice.

Awkward phrasing can slow readers down and leave readers guessing at the author’s intended meaning. Readers might miss something important or interpret a sentence in a different way than the author intended. Readers may have to read a sentence several times in an attempt to understand what you are trying to say. Readers don’t want to have to guess at the author’s intended meaning, nor do readers want to reread sentences. If this occurs too often, readers will become frustrated and may stop reading your book.

14. Lack of Consistency
Consistency is important not just to your characters and plot but also to readers. If consistency is lacking, readers will notice. Lack of consistency can confuse readers and cause readers to look back in the book to make sure they didn’t miss something. Be consistent with capitalized terms and spelling (especially names and terms you’ve created). Be consistent with locations and their descriptions, character descriptions, and timelines.

15. Too Many Typos and Errors
Yes, even traditionally published books might contain typos and errors, but too many typos and errors, especially encountered early in a book, will lead to frustrated readers who put your book down. At the very least, readers expect that authors will have reviewed their work and had it reviewed by others. Some typos and errors can be caught and fixed if authors have carefully reviewed their work and had beta readers or advance reviewers read their book. Some readers expect that authors, whether traditionally published or self-published, will have had an editor go over their work, and these readers expect to find very few, if any, typos and errors.

Please share your thoughts in the comments below. Do you agree or disagree with the points in this article?

Authors, have you discovered other things that make readers hate a book?

Readers, what makes you hate a book?

How to Choose POV in Fiction Writing

September 2, 2015 | Posted in Writing & Grammar Tips | By

How to Choose POV in Fiction Writing

Point of View, or POV, is the perspective from which your story is told. The POV you choose depends on many factors including how many main characters are in the story, how close you want readers to be to the protagonist, and what information you want readers to have access to.

Choosing the POV can be one of the most important decisions a writer makes beside choosing the protagonist. Each POV has advantages and disadvantages. The best POV will be more obvious in some stories than others. Your chosen POV will have direct impact on the pacing, format, and suspense of your story. The POV will dictate the pronouns used, how much of the protagonist’s thoughts readers can see, determine the importance of the narrator, determine the importance of characters versus events, and position readers within or outside the story.

The right POV is more than a technical decision. The POV you choose can make the difference between a story that “speaks” to readers and a story that readers don’t become engaged with. In short, the POV a writer chooses can make or break a story.

Before deciding which POV is right for your story, you need to understand the different types of POV and what they can do for your story. The "Point of View Flowchart" shown below can be used as a starting point in choosing the best POV for your story.

Descriptions and pros and cons of the viewpoints depicted in the POV flowchart are given below the image.

Point of View (POV) Flowchart to help choose POV in writing.

 

FIRST PERSON POV
(Identified by the pronouns I, me, my, mine, we, us, and ours)

FIRST PERSON PROTAGONIST

While First Person Protagonist is from the POV of one character, a variant of this POV can be used with multiple main characters. If this is done, the same character should be the narrator for an entire scene or chapter, as switching to the POV of another character within the same scene is considered "head hopping."

  • Perspective of one of the characters in the plot—usually one of the main characters.
  • The character will often narrate the story in a similar way to which he talks but with more description and often better grammar.
  • Narrator is relating the story of something that happened to him personally.
  • Pros:
    • Easier to keep the secrets of other characters from the reader.
    • Readers are able to experience events that happen to the character first hand through the character, as though it’s happening to them.
  • Cons:
    • Difficult to keep secrets about the POV character from the reader.
    • Difficult to describe events that don’t happen directly to the reader.
  • Example: The Hunger Games by Suzanne Collins

 

FIRST PERSON OBSERVER

  • Similar to First Person Protagonist, but the narrator is not the main character.
  • The focus is on the protagonist instead of the narrator.
  • Narrator has some role in the events other than simply observing them.
  • The narrator is close enough to see most of the events, but distant enough to maintain some objectivity.
  • Narrator has his own goals and encounters his own obstacles.
  • Narrator’s story is a subplot to the protagonist’s main plot.
  • Pros:
    • Makes a larger than life character fascinating rather than insufferable and annoying.
    • Gives the protagonist an air of mystery.
    • Allows information about the main character to be withheld.
    • Narrator can share insights into aspects of the main character’s personality that the main character isn’t aware of and are integral to the plot.
    • Narrator can describe events that the main character is unaware of or didn’t witness first hand.
    • Readers have a personal link to the story while being able to see the main character objectively.
    • Can be used if the protagonist dies.
  • Cons:
    • Can risk creating a main character that readers cannot warm up to or relate to.
    • Readers might not feel a direct emotional connection to the main character.
    • The main character can remain something of a mystery or an enigma.
    • Thoughts and feelings are interpreted by the narrator and may be biased.
  • Example: Sherlock Holmes by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, The Great Gatsby by. F. Scott Fitzgerald, Moby Dick by Herman Melville

 

FIRST PERSON WITNESS

  • Narrator is not a character in the story.
  • Narrator is not a part of events and is on the outside looking in.
  • Events are related based on what the narrator sees.
  • Narrator provides his interpretation of the feelings and actions of characters.
  • Pros:
    • Can be used if the protagonist dies.
    • Information about the main character can be withheld.
  • Cons:
    • Can risk having a story that reads like a long news report.
    • Narrator’s interpretation of events, feelings, and actions are based only on what he sees.
    • Narrator may be unaware of events or feelings pertinent to the plot and/or main character.
  • Example: Luck by Mark Twain

 

THIRD PERSON POV
(Identified by the pronouns he, she, his, hers, they, them, and theirs)

THIRD PERSON OMNISCIENT

What many writers refer to as Third Person Omniscient is technically a variant of Third Person Limited with multiple characters instead of one. True Third Person Omniscient was seen more often in the past and has fallen out of popularity in modern books.

True Third Person Omniscient

  • Story is narrated by an unnamed/unknown entity who knows everything.
  • Narrator sees all, whether a character is present to see it or not.
  • Contains descriptions of things the characters can’t know about and can’t observe.
  • Narrator is never a part of any scenes, which gives a somewhat distant and dispassionate feel.
  • Narrator can look into every character’s mind and analyze motivations, goals, and thoughts.
  • The thoughts that carry the greatest weight in a scene are the ones that are shared, regardless of which character they belong to.
  • The focus is more on events than thoughts and feelings.
  • Characterized by "head hopping."
  • Pros:
    • Can easily impart knowledge without worrying about how the characters found out.
    • No concerns about inadvertently switching POV.
    • Works best for stories that follow a group of people (e.g., family, nation) and is often used for a story that spans more than one person’s lifetime or a larger region of space than can be traveled in one person’s lifetime.
  • Cons:
    • Less personal.
    • Difficult to justify keeping information from readers.
  • Example: The Secret Garden by Frances Hodgson Burnett, Sense and Sensibility by Jane Austen, The Lord of the Rings by J.R.R. Tolkien

Third Person Limited Omniscient with Multiple characters

Third Person Limited Omniscient with Multiple Characters is a variant of Third Person Limited and is often incorrectly referred to as Third Person Omniscient.

  • Narrator writes from the perspective of more than one character.
  • The same character should be the narrator for an entire scene or chapter, and the POV of another character should not be entered during that time.
  • Switching from one character’s POV to another character’s POV within the same scene is considered "head hopping."
  • Pros:
    • Can reveal/keep secrets from readers by writing from the perspective of a character who isn’t in the know.
    • All events in a story can be shown directly by switching to whichever character is experiencing them.
    • Works well for stories with more than one main character.
  • Cons:
    • Deciding which POV is most beneficial at any given time can be difficult.
    • Readers can be confused by the different characters.
    • Readers may have a hard time identifying who the main character is.
  • Example: Game of Thrones series by G.R.R. Martin

 

THIRD PERSON LIMITED OMNISCIENT (One character)

Envision the narrator as a reality TV camera that follows the main (viewpoint) character around, but occasionally gets comments and thoughts about what is happening. The narrator is still “outside” of the story, similar to Third Person Objective, but catches occasional glimpses into the mind of the main character. These glimpses are typically portrayed as thoughts and written in italics.

  • Follows one character directly.
  • Narrator only knows what that one character knows.
  • Narrator cannot explain why other characters act a certain way.
  • Depending on the level of intimacy between narrator and main character, this POV can be close (deep) or distant.
  • Narrator can see events through the eyes of the main character as he believes they are occurring.
  • Narrator can be closely involved with the main character and never leave his mind.
  • Pros:
    • Readers don’t become overwhelmed trying to keep up with different POV characters.
    • Readers won’t become frustrated with POV switches.
    • Less stressful to write.
  • Cons:
    • Can’t easily describe events that don’t happen directly to the POV character.
  • Example: The Giver by Lois Lowry, Pandora’s Star and Judas Unchained by Peter Hamilton, Harry Potter series by J.K. Rowling

 

THIRD PERSON FAMILIAR OBSERVER

In this POV, the narrator, or observer, has insight into the history and background of characters and may relate some of this information from his perspective (like an added commentary). Think of the narrator as the host of a reality TV show with a documentary camera. The camera follows the main (viewpoint) character everywhere, but can insert his opinions and interpretations based on knowledge only he knows about the character.

  • The narrator describes what happens and what a character does.
  • The narrator can offer explanations into a character’s behavior based on his knowledge of the character’s history and background.
  • The narrator can take on an evaluative role and judge the characters as good and bad or offer praise and criticism.
  • Pros:
    • Writer can influence the reader’s values and judgment.
    • Writer has an opportunity to insert his values into a story without assigning them to a specific character.
  • Cons:
    • Can create dislike of a story as the narrator’s opinions can conflict with a reader’s opinions.
    • Can create confusion for readers as the narrator may know information that the reader does not.

 

THIRD PERSON OBJECTIVE OBSERVER

In this POV, the narrator, or observer, is detached and never inserts his opinion. Think of the narrator as a documentary camera that unobtrusively follows the main (viewpoint) character everywhere. This camera presents all events the character is a part of, but never sees inside this character or any other character’s mind.

Unlike Third Person Omniscient, the narrator is virtually invisible. No information other than what the camera sees is given to readers. No interpretations of actions, emotions, or thoughts are given. The reader must form his own opinion.

  • Opposite of True Third Person Omniscient.
  • The narrator can only describe what happens and what a character does.
  • The narrator can never describe what a character thinks or feels.
  • Emotions and thoughts of characters must be inferred through action and dialogue.
  • Gestures and actions that indirectly show how a character feels, thinks, and deals with internal conflict must be described.
  • Pros:
    • Makes it difficult to "tell" emotions rather than "show" emotions.
    • Easy to keep information from readers.
    • The distance can be an advantage when the focus is on the events, not the characters.
  • Cons:
    • Readers lose a direct link with characters.
    • The least emotionally engaging POV.
  • Example: The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne, The Maltese Falcon by Dashiell Hammett, In Cold Blood by Truman Capote, The Lottery by Shirley Jackson