Story Structure: Freytag’s Pyramid

Share this post
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
    3K
    Shares

 

Freytag's Pyramid and the Five-Act Story Structure. Three things you must identify. Components of the Five-act story structure. Writing tip. Novel tip.

Components of the Five-Act Story Structure

Act 1: Exposition

  • Also known as the introduction
  • Presents the setting (time and place)
  • Establishes the mood and atmosphere of the story
  • Establishes the world in which action takes place
  • Introduces the protagonist and/or antagonist
  • May introduce other characters
  • Introduces and/all thematic elements that will resonate throughout the story
  • Introduces the goals and/or conflicts the protagonist is facing
  • Introduces the POV (point of view) the story is told from
  • Lays the foundation of the plot
  • Ends with the beginning of the inciting incident
  • The stage is set for the main action
  • The reader has been “hooked”

Act 2: Rising Action

  • Also known as the inciting incident or complication
  • Sparked by the inciting incident
  • An exciting event or inciting incident occurs, which leads to conflict and impels the story to move forward
  • Basic conflict introduced in Act 1 is complicated by secondary conflicts and obstacles designed to keep the protagonist from reaching his/her goal
  • Lesser antagonists may be introduced/li>
  • Reader begins to feel the rising tension associated with the conflict

Act 3: Climax

  • Also known as the turning point or reversal
  • Marks a notable change, for better or worse, in the protagonist’s journey toward his/her goal
  • Bulk of action or drama takes place
  • Most intense moment in the story occurs

Act 4: Falling Action

  • Also known as the final suspense
  • Conflict comes to a head and begins to resolve
  • Made clear that protagonist will reach his/her goal
  • Protagonist shows signs of overcoming the antagonist and/or other conflicts

Act 5: Denouement

  • Also known as the resolution
  • Loose ends are tied up
  • All conflicts are resolved
  • Protagonist has achieved his/her goal
  • Story concludes

Related Posts

3 comments

[…] Share this post Story Structure: Freytag’s Pyramidor the Five-Act Story Structure History of Freytag’s Pyramid (or the Five-Act Story Structure) Gustav Freytag was a nineteenth-century German novelist who saw common patterns in the plots of stories and novels. He developed a  […]

[…] Share this post Story Structure: Freytag’s Pyramidor the Five-Act Story Structure History of Freytag’s Pyramid (or the Five-Act Story Structure) Gustav Freytag was a nineteenth-century German novelist who saw common patterns in the plots of stories and novels. He developed a  […]

[…] your story. Examine individual plot lines, characters, and scenes. Analyze story structure (e.g., Five-Act Story Structure or Three-Act Story […]

LEAVE A REPLY