April 27, 2016 | Posted in: April 2016 A to Z Blog Challenge, Writing & Grammar Tips, XterraWeb Book Blog

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Verb Tenses Chart

Past, present, and future verb tenses in the simple, progressive (or continuous), perfect, and perfect progressive or continuous verb tense. View examples, usage, and the formula for each verb tense.

This chart has been provided as both an image and an HTML table for visitor accessibility and ease of sharing.

VERB TENSES CHART: IMAGE FORMAT

Verb Tenses Chart. Past, present, future, simple, progressive, continuous, perfect, perfect progressive, perfect continuous

 

VERB TENSES CHART: HTML FORMAT

Past Present Future
Simple

The author ate cheesecake yesterday.

Usage: To indicate a past habit or an action already completed.

The author eats cheesecake every day.

Usage: To express habits or general truth; to indicate a future event on a designated date as part of a plan or arrangement.

The author will eat cheesecake tomorrow.

Formula: will + present tense verb

Usage: To indicate an action, condition, or circumstance which hasn’t taken place yet.

Progressive (or Continuous)

The author was eating cheesecake when his friends arrived.

Formula: was/were + (-ing verb form)

Usage: To indicate uncompleted action of the past (with or without time reference); to indicate persistent habits of the past (with continuously, always, forever, etc.)

The author is eating cheesecake right now.

Formula: am/is/are + (-ing verb form)

Usage: To indicate action occurring at the time of speaking; to indicate temporary action which may not be occurring at the time of speaking.

The author will be eating cheesecake when his friends arrive.

Formula: will be + (-ing verb form)

Usage: To indicate what will be going on at some time in the future; to indicate planned future events.

Perfect

The author had eaten all the cheesecake when his friends arrived.

Formula: had + past participle

Usage: To indicate a completed action of the past that happened before another event took place.

The author has eaten all the cheesecake.

Formula: have/has + past participle

Usage: To indicate past action which is not defined by a time of occurrence; to indicate an action that started in the past and has continued up until now.

The author will have eaten all the cheesecake by the time his friends arrive.

Formula: will have + past participle

Usage: To indicate an action that will be complete before another event takes place.

Perfect Progressive (or Continuous)

The author had been eating cheesecake for two hours when his friends arrived.

Formula: had been + (-ing verb form)

Usage: To indicate an action in the past that began before a certain point in the past and continued up until that point in time.

The author has been eating cheesecake for two hours.

Formula: have/has been + (-ing verb form)

Usage: To indicate an action which started at some point in the past and may or may not be complete.

The author will have been eating cheesecake for two hours when his friends arrive.

Formula: will have been + (-ing verb form)

Usage: To indicate an action that will have happened for some time and will not be complete yet at a certain point in the future.

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